From the Library Collection: "Assessing Schizophrenic Thinking"
Many of the books in the collection at the Institute's McLean Library were written by clinicians practicing at the Institute. From time to time, we try to highlight some of their published work. Here we offer a brief description of one of these publications, “Assessing Schizophrenic Thinking,” by faculty member Holly Johnston, PhD.
Johnston published the book in 1979 with her dissertation head and mentor Dr. Philip S. Holzman. The book provides a detailed description of the Thought Disorder Index, a measurement tool that Johnston developed for her PhD dissertation. She expanded and adapted this index from an older scale used at the Menninger Clinic in the 1950s, where Holzman had studied and taught before coming to Chicago in the 1970s.
Johnston’s book with Holzman builds on her previous research on schizophrenia. Both the Thought Disorder Index and the book have been cited frequently in subsequent publications right up to the present day.
Alumna Stephanie Fariss joins faculty
In December, Dean Neal Spira announced the addition of Stephanie Fariss, JD, LCSW to the Institute faculty. Fariss graduated from the Psychoanalytic Education Program in June 2018. She previously served as president of the Candidates’ Association and candidate representative to the Institute’s Education Council and Board of Trustees.
Fariss left her life as an attorney in Texas in 1992, when she moved to Chicago and began clinical work with patients with severe characterological disorders at Northwestern Memorial Hospital’s Outpatient Treatment Center. She was one of the clinicians who established the Warren Wright Adolescent Program at Northwestern in 1994, where she took a special interest in the treatment of young women suffering from trauma, and later became the program’s clinical coordinator. She started a private practice in 1994.
She is a graduate and faculty member of the C.G. Jung Institute of Chicago’s Analyst Training Program and a board member of the Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism. She previously served on the Board of Trustees of Mental Health America of Illinois and participated for several years on a panel at national and international group conferences on the “social unconscious,” which was later published.
Fariss has a particular interest in the integration of multiple theoretical perspectives in psychoanalytic practice and the relevance of psychoanalysis to current and historical social issues such as gender, race, politics and animal welfare. Her most recent personal project has been the rescue of over 500 companion animals from kill shelters for the last four years. She aspires to write about the value companion animals bring to the experience of being human, especially as it relates to emotional regulation and development in children and adults.
Robert Fajardo: Investing in a ‘hospitable and diverse institution’
The Franz Alexander Legacy Society honors individuals who have included the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute in their will, trust or other charitable planned gift. Legacy Society members envision the future and are determined to keep Franz Alexander’s mission, to better understand human beings and help them live better lives, alive forever. This is the second in a series of profiles of Franz Alexander Society inaugural members.
Psychoanalysts and psychotherapists may gather in other places, but for psychiatrist Robert Fajardo no-where else is quite like the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute. Fajardo says he joined the Franz Alexander Society as a way to invest in the “collaborating kind of atmosphere” that has sustained him since he became a student at the Institute in 1970.
Fajardo still recalls the conversation at University of California San Francisco School of Medicine in which a mentor, Norman Reider, suggested he go to Chicago for training. Reider told Fajardo he would like the Chicago Institute because, in spite of differing paradigms, varied perspectives, and divergent personalities, it was a psychoanalytic center with a fair amount of collaboration. Fajardo says Reider’s insight was a worthy one that still holds true today: “I find this to be a hospitable and diverse learning institution.”
Case in point: in the 1980s, Fajardo’s late wife Barbara was in the forefront of lobbying the Institute to allow practitioners with PhDs to train as analysts. It was different from his earlier experience; “I had been trained ‘MD, MD, MD,’” he says. But the Institute and field not only survived the controversy, they have thrived with the inclusion of differently-degreed professionals.
Members of the Institute also come together to take care of each other. When Barbara Fajardo grew sick and later passed away as a result of uterine cancer, her wariness of the analyst assistance committee at the time led him to subsequently become involved with their work. Today, he serves as chair of the Joint Psychoanalyst Assistance Committee.
Thinking about the future, Fajardo says he imagines the discipline will continue to evolve. “Psychoanalysis is not a fixed and stationary process,” he says. He anticipates the faculty will continue to develop their own many perspectives, while maintaining collaboration all the while.
Making that future a bit more assured is the reason he encourages others to join him in becoming members of the Franz Alexander Legacy Society. “Many of us often just don’t think about it,” he says. “It’s important to be respectful to our family, but also to assist the Institute that has given, and continues to give, each of us so much.”
, Franz Alexander Society
Board approves organizational effectiveness recommendations
In January, the Institute board approved governance changes that empower the Institute president, dean and a new Faculty Senate to lead the organization more effectively.
“By approving the Organizational Effectiveness Task Force’s recommendations, we have ensured our governance structure is as contemporary as the Institute’s psychoanalytic mission and practice,” said Board Chair Robert Graham.
In fall 2017, the board created the Organizational Effectiveness Task Force, led by Vice Chair Stephen Berger. Task Force and board members were most concerned to maintain educational excellence and develop collaborative plans with the faculty to enhance existing programs as well as to reorganize the governance of the Institute consistent with that goal and modern practices.
They cited as one positive example the new partnership with the Institute for Clinical Social Work to open up degree possibilities for Institute students and welcome ICSW students to Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute programs. To meet the organization’s needs they approved several changes, including:
- President: The board approved expanding the president position from half- to nearly full-time. This will allow President Erika Schmidt additional time to lead the activities of the Institute, including fundraising.
- Faculty Senate: The board also created a new body of seven faculty members plus the dean to consult with and advise the president, dean and board. Faculty members will serve staggered two-year terms; the dean will be a non-voting member. In an election concluded February 25, the faculty elected Laura Esikoff, MA, Steven Flagel, MD, Charles Jaffe, MD, Ann Kaplan, PhD, Mark Levey, MD, Kate Schechter, PhD and Molly Witten, PhD as the first members of the new faculty senate.
- Dean and Academic Committees: The dean will be responsible for selecting faculty committee chairs, who will organize their respective committees.
- Search Committees: The board also provided for creation of search committees, comprised jointly of both faculty and board members, to lead the search for candidates to fill future openings in the president and dean positions.
President Erika Schmidt thanked board and faculty members for their leadership: “I’m grateful to our board and faculty for the effort they invested in the Institute’s long-term viability with our re-branding and recent governance changes,” she said. “Future therapists and their patients, the Chicago region, and our discipline will all benefit from their work.”
Benedek Lectures Now Available Online
Past curators of the Helen McLean Library and Franz Alexander Archives at the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute have left behind an extensive, well-organized and well-preserved collection of archival materials. Library staff are working to digitize and share some of this material as time permits.
One of the best examples of their work is the archival collection of Therese Benedek, M.D., one of the first faculty members of the Institute, who taught and practiced here from 1936 to 1969.
Benedek joined the Institute at the invitation of director Franz Alexander, M.D. She followed a similar path as Alexander: both were Hungarian Jews who emigrated to the U.S. to escape the growing Nazi threat. During her tenure here, Benedek authored or co-authored nearly a dozen books and nearly three dozen journal articles. She is known best for her studies of the psychosexual functions of women, although she also wrote about depression and veteran’s issues.
In 1959, Benedek published the article, “Parenthood as a Developmental Phase—A Contribution to the Libido Theory.” The article was groundbreaking in challenging the long-held notion that personality integration concludes in adolescence. “Personality development continues beyond adolescence,” Benedek wrote, “under the influence of reproductive physiology, and…parenthood utilizes the same primary processes which operate from infancy on in mental growth and development.”
Benedek left the Institute more than a dozen archival boxes and loose materials. Below are links to surviving transcriptions of lectures Benedek gave in 1954 and 1955 for her course, “Evolution of Psychoanalytic Concepts.”
We are working to digitize and catalog more documents like these to benefit professionals and researchers interested in learning more about the roots of the psychoanalytic profession. If you are interested in specific archival materials, please contact librarian John Leonard at (312) 897-1419 or email@example.com.
Former Director Jerome Winer, MD
With sadness, we share that Jerry Winer died Dec. 28. Among his many accomplishments, he was the Institute Director for two terms and within APsaA helped educate the membership on the need for analyst assistance committees. Jerry had been living in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania for the past several years, close to his children.
Jerry is survived by his wife of 53 years, Inge, and his children, Rebecca, Liz and Sam, his grandchildren, Noah, Naomi and Benjamin, a sister and an uncle. The funeral took place Sunday, December 30 at Ohev Shalom Sanctuary in Wallingford, Pa.
The family has asked donations in Jerry's memory be sent to Ohev Shalom in Wallingford or Beth Israel in Media, Pennsylvania; KAM Isaiah Israel Congregation in Chicago, or to the American Civil Liberties Union. A brief obituary and place to leave messages for the family is online here.
Kudos to our authors & honorees- 2017-18
The following list reflects publications and honors of Institute faculty, students and recent alumni from November 1, 2017 to October 31, 2018. Faculty, students and alumni are invited to send news of your accomplishments to Librarian John Leonard, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Child and Adolescent Clinical Services Director Denia Barrett served as section editor for “So you want to start a psychoanalytic school? Succumbing to an ‘almost irresistible temptation,’” Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Volume 71, 2018, pp. 130-136 and 201-204.
Denia co-authored with board and faculty member Tom Barrett “On Prepuberty and the Role of Testicles in Psychosexual Development,” Moscow, NLO Publ.,Vestnik MPO [Bulletin of the MPS], no. 5, 2018, p. 129-156 (in Russian). Tom also authored a chapter on "Clinical Interventions with Sexually Abused Children" that is forthcoming, The Rape of Childhood: Developmental, Clinical, and Sociocultural Aspects of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Salman Akhtar, ed., Lexington Books 2019.
Faculty member Harold Bendicsen’s book Psychoanalysis, Neuroscience and Adolescent Development will be published in February by Routledge. It explores how new research in the fields of neuroscience and developmental processes can inform psychoanalytic treatment.
Open Classes Student Denise Davis published “Bounded Openness: A Secure Base For Expansion and Creativity” in Psychoanalysis, Self and Context, Volume 13, Number 3, 2018, pages 288-298.
Faculty member Ed Kaufman had two poems and a photograph published in East on Central: A Journal of Arts and Letters from Highland Park, Illinois, 2018-19.
Faculty member Jonathan Lear’s article "Gettysburg Mourning," appears in Critical Inquiry 45, no. 1 (Autumn 2018): 97-121.
Faculty member and graduate Gavin Mullen’s collection of Arnold Goldberg’s Selected Papers, organizing the thought and writings of our retired faculty member and former director, was nominated for the American Board and Academy of Psychoanalysis Book Prize for 2017. Mullen wanted to collect Goldberg’s contributions when he retired as a useful reference for psychotherapists and to distinguish his contributions from those of his mentor, Institute luminary and father of self psychology Heinz Kohut.
“It’s easy to think of Goldberg’s work as an extension of Heinz Kohut, until you read each article and see, over the span of 50 years, the development of Goldberg’s thoughts,” Mullen says. “Goldberg makes use of the foundation of self psychology but he really built the structure.… In many ways he is completely his own person.” Goldberg commented that he gave Mullen complete freedom to choose from among the 80 books and 150 articles he has authored to date.
Board member Martha Nussbaum received the 2018 Berggruen Prize for her work that “shows how philosophy, far from being merely an armchair discipline, offers a greater understanding of who we are, our place in the world, and a way to live a well-lived life.”
Clinician Aileen Schloerb contributed a chapter on her work with at-risk youth in Chicago's Englewood neighborhood, “The City Project,” to Violent States and Creative States, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2018.
Institute President Erika Schmidt’s article “Educating Psychoanalysts for the Future of Psychoanalysis” appeared in Progress in Psychoanalysis: Envisioning the Future of the Profession, edited by Steven D. Axelrod, Ronald C. Naso, Larry M. Rosenberg. Routledge, 2018.
Recent graduate Christopher Skeaff’s book, Becoming Political: Spinoza’s Vital Republicanism and the Democratic Power of Judgment was published by University of Chicago Press (2018).
Candidate Maranda Sze edited and contributed articles to Infant and Young Child Observation in China (Mind in Mind Education and Counseling, 2018). The book includes 14 articles by graduates and faculty of Mind in Mind’s Observational Studies Program as well as U.S-based faculty members from the Washington School of Psychiatry, with which Mind in Mind is affiliated. Sze writes that this is the first book to collect original theses, written in Chinese, based on observational materials of local families in China.
The new book includes sections on methodology, vignettes from infant and nursery observation, and the connection between observational skills and clinical work with parents and infants, children and adults. “Besides universal interests like the affective world of infants, the relationship between the mind and the body, sibling rivalry, aggression, separation, playing, and entering into nursery,” Sze says, “the book also illustrates perhaps more unique experiences in China, for example, multi-caretakers and yue saos - nannies that take care of the mother and the baby in the first months.”
Board and faculty member Jesse Viner authored several essays and presentations: “How Neuroscience Informs Treatment of Trauma,” International Society for Study of Trauma and Dissociation, Chicago, April 2018; “How Neuroscience Informs Treatment,” National Association of Therapeutic Schools & Programs Midwest Conference, Lake Geneva Wisconsin, September 2018; “Deep TMS for MDD and Co-Occurring Substance Abuse Disorder,” presented at International Clinical TMS Society Meeting, NYC, May 2018, and “Deep TMS for Obsessional Thinking: ACC Deregulation & Genomics as Outcome Markers,” presented at International Clinical TMS Society Meeting, NYC, May 2018; the latter two will be published in Brain Stimulation.
Jan L. Fretland, LCSW (1950-2018)
We're sad to share the passing of faculty member and graduate Jan Fretland. A brief obituary is re-posted here courtesy of Kelley & Spalding Funeral Home:
Janet L. Fretland, 68, of Highland Park, born October 9, 1950, passed away unexpectedly on December 2, 2018 at Highland Park Hospital surrounded by her family. Beloved wife of the late Donald; loving mother of Christopher and Katherine; loving daughter of the late Richard Van Arsdale Sr. and the late Vera Van Arsdale nee Bonardi; cherished sister of Joan Newmark of Plymouth, MA, Laura Jacobson of Libertyville, IL, Doug of Chicago, IL and the late Richard Jr.; dear aunt to many.
A visitation will be held on Thursday, December 6, 2018 from 3-6 pm at Kelley & Spalding Funeral Home, 1787 Deerfield Rd. Highland Park, IL. A funeral Mass will be held on Friday, December 7, 2018 10:00 am at Immaculate Conception Church, 770 Deerfield Rd. Highland Park, IL 60035. Interment St. Mary Cemetery, Lake Forest, IL. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to Immaculate Conception Parish.
For info or directions, please contact Kelley & Spalding Funeral Home at 847-831-4260. (More details at the funeral home website here).
The Institute salutes all veterans
From the Archives, kudos to our authors and other content are among regular features Institute Librarian John Leonard features on our Facebook page. Recognizing that not everyone accesses Facebook, we're re-posting content here, today featuring a salute to some of the Institute's veterans over the years:
Psychoanalysts are veterans also. Members of the Institute community past and present who have served in the military include the following: Roy Grinker, David Powell, Ed Goldfarb, Joel Susman, Jim Wilson, Arnold Tobin, Arnold Goldberg, Dacia Harrold and Jerome Grunes.
Roy Grinker, MD, was a faculty member of the then Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis, Director of the Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training Institute at Michael Reese Hospital and many other Chicago medical institutions. He mentored several generations of psychiatric residents who went on to become psychoanalysts. He was also a veteran, serving in the United States Army Medical Corps during World War II.
Grinker along with John Spiegel authored two books on war-related trauma: Men Under Stress (1946) and War Neurosis (1945), based on their work with men suffering war-related trauma in North Africa, and later in Florida with Air Force pilots and crew who had been sent to their special facility. Their two books were important contributions to war-related trauma.
An ongoing tension in the psychoanalytic literature on war-related trauma is whether the traumatic symptoms represent a “new” illness caused by the stress of war, or whether symptoms represented an acute activation of pre-existing neurotic structures. Grinker espoused the later perspective. His treatment approach emphasized integration of the overwhelming experiences that led to acute symptomatology, while taking into account the personality structures of the specific veteran.
Jerome Grunes, pictured here, passed away last month at the age of 93 after a long battle with cancer. As an army private in World War II, Grunes was there for the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp. Because he spoke Yiddish, camp survivors were able to tell him of their experiences. Helping these liberated prisoners cope with their trauma led Grunes to decide to become a psychoanalyst.
As a young army psychiatrist, faculty member Arnold Tobin, was stationed at the Oakland Naval Hospital in California, treating soldiers and marines returning from the Korean War with post-traumatic stress disorder. He was able to reduce what had been frequent outbreaks of violence on his ward by encouraging veterans to talk about their experiences in that conflict.
Other materials on veteran’s issues in the McLean Library and Archives include the following:
- Psychotherapy of the Combat Veteran, by Harvey Schwartz, MD
- War Stress and Neurotic Illness, by Abram Kardiner, MD and Herbert Spiegel, MD
- Anniversary Reactions In Traumatized Combat Veterans: An Opportune Time to Process the Experience Through Narrative, by Ann Newman, RN, MSN, CS
The Institute thanks all its veterans, and veterans everywhere, for their service. We invite all veterans in the psychoanalytic field reading this post to reply with a brief description of your service and how it shaped your life.
Jerome Meyer Grunes, M.D. (1925-2018)
Obituary re-posted from the Chicago Psychoanalytic Society
Jerome Meyer Grunes, M.D., former President of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Society and former faculty member at the Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute, died on October 25th, 2018 from cancer. A member of the "Greatest Generation," Jerry was born in Brooklyn May 11, 1925. He graduated Thomas Jefferson High School at age 16. His high school yearbook wrote of him, "Is that the Aurora Borealis? No, that’s Grunes' brilliance shining."
He was a Private 1st Class, 488th Light Engineering Battalion, which preceded the front line. As Jerry was among the first at the liberation of Dachau and spoke Yiddish, camp survivors were able to tell him of their experiences. Their sharing their stories with someone who empathized with the "incomprehensible" was the moment Jerry’s life was decided. He knew he would become a psychoanalyst.
On the G.I. Bill, he received his BA from Brooklyn College and went on to receive his MA in Psychology from Columbia University and his M.D. from State University of New York Medical College. He completed his internship at Boston City Hospital and psychiatric residency at Michael Reese Hospital. He received his Psychoanalytic Certificate from the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. He was Director of Residency Training at Chicago State Hospital from 1956-1958 and Director of Psychiatric Services at Drexel Home for the Aged from 1954-1981. With his participation, a documentary was filmed at Drexel Home called "Home for Life" which illustrated challenges faced by aging individuals.
He pursued helping those in need, including working as a Psychiatric Consultant at United Charities and the Council for the Jewish Elderly. Academically he was Senior Attending Psychiatrist at Michael Reese Hospital, where he developed their program for the aged; and Associate Professor at Northwestern University and Evanston Hospital. He co-founded a PhD program in Gerontology at Northwestern University. His honorary positions include: Life Member of the American Psychiatric Association and American Psychoanalytic Association, Fellow of the American College of Psychoanalysis, the International Psychoanalytic Association, and the American Gerontological Association. A pioneer in the field of gerontology and in using psychoanalysis in the treatment of older adults, he published numerous books and chapters. He felt strongly that all people should have access to psychoanalytic care. People who work with older adults, he explained, have a strong attachment to older people in their lives (as was the case with Jerry), or those who denied their own aging process.
He continued to work until age 92. He never hesitated to stand up for his beliefs and to give a voice to those oppressed. He proudly marched with the Reverend Martin Luther King and supported unions and social causes. Family holidays would often be trips to war-ravaged countries. He was a lover of all arts, both contemporary and ancient, and an ardent Savoyard. "Good art," he explained, "should be pretty, but great art should stir something deep inside you and make you dizzy." He was a great lover of literature and a poet himself. Botany was another great passion, from planting a Rose of Sharon in the cracks of the sidewalk on Alabama Avenue, Brooklyn, to visiting the great gardens of the world and tending to his own extraordinary garden.
He is survived by his beloved five children, Allen Grunes, Reba Kraus-Georgiadis, Tina Olander, Louis Kraus and Dorothy Grunes, his 11 treasured grandchildren, Marissa, Avi, Natalie, Claire, Suzanna, Noah, Ethan, Natalie, Noah, Madeline and Beatrix. He is also survived by his beloved nieces and nephews Carol Kornsweig, Helen Shor Grunes, Evan Mayerhoff, Helen Mayerhoff, Marc Mayerhoff, Perle Moreau and Neftali Espar, Lisa Maniff and Jeffrey Maniff. He leaves behind his great love, his wife of 50 years, Barbara Joan Grunes, a love which words cannot capture.
"A coward dies a thousand times before his death, but the valiant taste of death but once."